Writing Numbers

Writing Numbers, book

Knowing how to present numbers in your writing is not a simple matter. There are many rules to follow when writing numbers.

Here are 10 rules to follow.

  1. Spell out single-digit numbers.
  2. Did you hear that Tom had four hits in yesterday’s game?

  3. Use numerals for numbers great than nine.
  4. We had 18 students show up for the discussion group.

  5. Spell out numbers that begin a sentence.
  6. Seventy students will be graduating tomorrow.

  7. Spell out and hyphenate simple fractions.
  8. More than two-thirds of the students are going on the field trip.

  9. Use numerals for mixed fractions.
  10. The cake recipe requires 3 ¼ cups of flour.

  11. Use numerals for dates.
  12. The semester ends June 10 this year.

    The semester ends on the 30th of June this year.

  13. Use numerals for decimals. Put a zero in front of the decimal if there is no value in front of the decimal point unless the decimal begins with a 0.
  14. Don’t add more than 1.6 pints of water to the mixture.

    We had 0.23 inches or rain last month.

    We had .06 inches of rain yesterday.

  15. Use numerals for the time of day when using a.m. or p.m.
  16. My school day begins at 7 a.m.

  17. Spell out the time of day when using “o’clock.”
  18. Don’t forget to come to the three o’clock meeting on Friday.

  19. Be consistent. Don’t mix spelling out numbers and using numerals in the same sentence, even though it seems that you are violating either rule 1 or 2.
  20. There are 8 boys and 14 girls in my class.


    There are eight boys and fourteen girls in my class.

These are not all of the rules that apply to writing numbers, but they are the ones you will encounter most frequently.



Tips and Tools for Parents

10 Tips to help your child with math

Tips for grades 4 to 6

  1. Connect math to daily life. Let your kids know the importance of math in day-to-day living. Talk about the ways you use math in your job and around the house. Show them a tax form or how you pay the bills. Ask them how they used math during the day.
  2. Practise mental math using coins. For example, show that a certain item costs a certain amount and ask what coins are needed to pay for it.
  3. Play games together. Show them math can be fun and exciting. Play family games to add excitement to math activities, like chess or checkers or games in the car such as math bingo or adding licence plate numbers. Lots of board games need math such as Junior Monopoly® or play card games such as Uno®.
  4. Cooking can be counting fun! Get older children involved in helping out at dinner time and let them help measure ingredients for dishes or estimate the number of potatoes that are needed to feed everyone.
  5. Play the estimating game. Ask your kids to estimate measurements, distances, time and grocery bills. Be sure to compare the estimate with actual. Or get them to guess how much the apples you are going to buy will weigh and then take them to the scale in the grocery store and find out.
  6. Perform time calculations. For example, make up a sentence and ask your child to recite it as many times as possible in 15 seconds. Then ask how many times it could be repeated in 1 minute, 5 minutes, 10 minutes, etc.
  7. Use common toys to understand math concepts. Build a tower from blocks. Count the blocks. Then talk about the need for a base of the right size and the stability it creates.
  8. Sports and math. There is a lot of math used in sports: batting averages, points per game, save percentages – these are math terms that a sports enthusiast will love. If you watch a game with your child, read the newspaper report together sometime the next day and talk about the math concepts.
  9. Computers + math = fun. There are great computer games available for math–ask your librarian or check out your local computer store. Make sure they are “parent approved”. There are also super websites that have fun math games, so do an Internet search for sites and bookmark them for future use.
  10. Measuring made easy. Estimate and measure the area of different shapes. For example, use small square objects (plastic tiles, dice, etc.) to estimate then measure how many are needed to fill the area of various flat surfaces such as a magazine cover.


  1. http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/abc123/eng/tips/

study tips from students

Here are recent study tips that have been submitted by our visitors. To see more study tips, the archives are available to the left.

“I always create note cards when I do my research for writing a paper. I use index cards. On each note card I write the category of information, the information in a brief form, and the name of the book that had the information or the address of the website. If I get the information from a book (or maybe a journal), I write the page or page numbers. ”

Jason Barnett
Student, College 1st year
Kansas City, Missouri, USA

“When you want to remember something, put it in your mind, and try to say it at different times.
I think it will help you to study well.

Sameh Salama
Student, Prep
Alexandria, Egypt

“Don’t take studying as a burden. Just be cool and open your book. Sit with it and forget where you are sitting and the rest of the things in the world. Remember one thing: you have to complete your assigned topic.

Sandeep Singh
Student, college
Bangalore, India

“Here’s a real simple way to remember the parts of an atom. Just think of writing them in your notebook with a PEN. P is Proton, E is Electron, and N is Neutron.”

Thomas Herrera
Student, 6th grade
Pasadena, California, USA

“When I’m studying I turn my cell phone off so I can be just studying and not texting.

Shakeria Taylor
Student, 9
Coushatta, Louisiana, USA

“I used to look for the easiest classes. But then our school counselor told me that you need to take hard classes if you’re thinking about going to college. Taking easy classes will not prepare you.”

Mark Willingham
Student, HighSchool senior
Syracuse, New York, USA

“Before you start studying, eat, drink, and clear your mind from everything in this world that is not connected to your studying. Focus on your future goal, sit in a well lighted room ALONE, and always take a break after every 30 minutes of studying. Within the break, drink water, and if necessary take a 15 minute nap to clear your mind. Do not do any physical activities because all your blood will be concentrated on giving oxygen to your muscles instead of your brain. Always read the text as if it is talking to you.”

Andar Shah
Student, 9th grade
Ghazni, Afghanistan

“If you have something that scatters your mind, tell this to yourself: I’m here and now! I have to be here completely. Remember this quote from Henry Ford: “Whether you can do a thing or not,

Yasin Asadi
Student, university
2nd level (year), Iran

“Drink a glass of water before sitting to study. This will really enrich your brain connections to help you to concentrate.”

Samrakshini R.S.
Student, 8
Bangalore, India

“When you want to study make sure that you don’t have anything that is bothering your mind because it will distract your attention from what you are reading.”

Adefolarin Oriyomi
Student, ND
Lagos, Nigeria

“While studying you should concentrate on what you are studying. You should study in a room where there are no gadgets or things that might attract you from your studying. Start your reading at the beginning of what you have to read, not somewhere in between. If you do not start at the very beginning, you will not be able to understand.”

Sumiti Sindhav
Student, 10
Noida, India

“Before studying you should know what you want to accomplish, focus on it , and remind yourself that all your efforts are going to be worth it when you reach your goal. ”

Yosra A
Student, secondary school
Aswan , Egypt

“Use what your teacher taught you and practice it.”

Mohammad Javed
Student, 4
Baltimore, Maryland, USA

“An acronym KPCOFGS =
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.
I figured this out for Biology to help me remember the order of plant or animal life.(it can be remembered/pronounced as: kay-pea-co-figs)”

Kathie Thompson
Student, College
Chico, California, USA

“Whenever you want to study, you should forget about the rest of the world. Just focus on yourself and your studying. Your time, imagination, and exploration must be focused on studying. You must aovid and ignore anything that might have a negative impact on your acqusition of knowledge.”

Suhail AHMED Abbasi
Student, Business Administration
Larkana, Pakistan

“Take notes on important things that the teacher is saying. It really helps, and you can review the notes when you go home to study the whole class again. ”

Alice Wonla
Student, 7
NY, New York, USA

“Type what you need to study at your computer. When you type the lesson or words it gets into your mind or brain. In school you can just read the notes again.”

Chantal Claire Amores I.
Student, Grade 5
Lapu-Lapu City, Philippines

“After reviewing notes right after class, write three new things you learned or became aware of, two of the most interesting things in the lecture/class discussion/on the board, and the thing that was most confusing. Remember, anything you do not understand or are not clear on, meet with the professor, or your tutor, or both. To organize your notes, use the column method: draw a line down the page with the narrow side on the left and a very wide one on the right; put the subject, formula, or main idea on the left and the details, methods, experiments, history facts, English essay steps, etc. on the right.”

Doreen Ruggiero
Sacramento, California, USA



Using Pegwords to Remember Information

Using Pegwords to Remember Information, Writing Child

The pegwords strategy is a good strategy to use when you must remember a number of things such as five reasons we should conserve energy. Pegwords are words that rhyme with number words. Each pegword is substituted for a number word and is then associated with the information to be remembered.

You can use any word as a pegword as long as it rhymes with a number word. Below are suggested pegwords for the number words one through ten. You can substitute your own number words. Nouns and verbs are best to use as pegwords because they are easy to associate with information to be remembered.

Number Word Pegword
one run
two shoe
three tree
four door
five dive
six fix
seven heaven
eight gate
nine sign
ten hen

Here are the steps to follow to use the pegwords strategy.

  1. Think of the first piece of information to be remembered.
  2. Think of the pegword for the number word one. The pegword for one is run.
  3. Form an association in your mind between the pegword one and the first piece of information to be remembered. Create a picture in your mind of this association.
  4. Repeat steps 1-3 for each additional piece of information to be remembered. Use the pegwordshoe for the second piece of information, tree for the third piece of information, and so on.

Using Pegwords to Remember Information, Forest

Here is an example of how the pegwords strategy can be used to remember three important reasons for preserving forests.

1. Forests provide food for animals.
The pegword for one is run. You could create a picture in your mind of a rabbit running to a bowl of food. Later, when you try to recall the reasons for preserving forests, the number word one will trigger the pegword run, and you will recall the picture of a rabbit running toward a bowl of food. You will thereby remember that one reason for preserving forests is that forests provide food for animals.

2. Forests provide shelter for animals.
(two/shoe). You could create a picture in your mind of a chipmunk living in a shoe.

3. Forests provide lumber that is used to build homes for people.
(three/tree). You could create a picture in your mind of stacks of lumber lying on the ground next to a partially built house.

The pegwords strategy lets you use your imagination to remember information.