Speaking of selplnig

Only 55 people out of 100 can read this:
I cdnuolt blveiee that I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd what I was rdanieg. The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid, aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it dseno’t mtaetr in what oerdr the ltteres in a word are, the olny iproamtnt tihng is that the frsit and last ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can still raed it whotuit a pboerlm. This is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the word as a wlohe. Azanmig huh? Yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt!

a spelling chequer

Eye halve a spelling chequer It came with my pea sea It plainly marques four my revue Miss steaks eye kin knot sea. Eye strike a key and type a word And weight four it two say Weather eye am wrong oar write It shows me strait a weigh. As soon as a mist ache is maid It nose bee fore two long And eye can put the error rite Its rare lea ever wrong. Eye have run this poem threw it I am shore your pleased two no Its letter perfect awl the weigh My chequer tolled me sew.

Rules to Remember for Grammar and Usage

• Homophones, or words that sound alike but are spelled differently, are tricky. Check your work to make sure you have used common homophones correctly.
People have a responsibility to put their dirty clothes in the right place.
There is no way I would put my dirty socks on the table.
They’re right here, in my own dirty-clothes hamper.
• Verb tenses help show time in a piece of writing. For example, you would use
verbs in the past tense to describe events that took place during the Civil War.
The key to helping readers make sense of the time in your writing is using the
tenses consistently.
I walk to school in the morning and take the bus home. (present tense)
I drove to the airport and flew to California. (past tense)
• Every subject and its verb must also be in agreement, so that singular and plural
nouns are matched to verbs with correct endings.
Dogs love chocolate but it makes them sick. (dogs love = plural; it makes =
• Apostrophes can be used to show possesives and contractions.
Bailey’s favorite pastime is sleeping on my bed, curled up with my other cat.
It’s a nice life if you’re a cat.
• Pronouns and their antecedents (the word they stand for) should always agree.
The pronouns who, what, and that can show relationships in a sentence when
they’re used correctly. Make sure that you
(a) match the pronoun with its antecedent;
(b) use who to refer to specific people and animals with names;
(c) use what to refer to inanimate objects;
(d) use that to refer to generic animals, things, and people, too.
The man was snoring so loudly, he woke up everyone in the bus depot.
Mr. Rimbaldi, who was snoring, made everyone laugh out loud.
What is that funny sound Mr. Rimbaldi is making?
I’ve heard a lot of snores in my life, but that really takes the cake.

Traits of Writing – Ruth Culham

Rules to Remember for Capitalization

• Always capitalize the pronoun I.!
Example: I wish I could go to Storyland every day.
• Always put a capital at the beginning of each sentence, even in dialogue.
Example: The boy’s father demanded, “Put that candy bar back in the dish!”
• Capitalize abbreviations and people’s titles.
Example: The current Miss America, who lives in Beaverton, OR, is a supporter of
animal rights and member of the ASPCA.
• Capitalize all words in a title, except articles (a, an, the), coordinating conjunctions
(and, but, or), and prepositions with three letters or fewer (at, to, for).
Exception: The first word, which is always capitalized.
Example: A Dachshund’s Daring Day at the Dog Park
• Capitalize proper nouns for people, places, organizations, and acronyms
Example: Mrs. Gadfly won a trip to Canada to attend the National Hockey League
(NHL) playoffs.

Traits of Writing – Ruth Culham

Rules to Remember for Punctuation

• Use punctuation to show the ending of every sentence.
Choose a period (.), an exclamation point (!), or a question mark (?).
• Use commas to separate words in a series and before the word and
at the end of that series.
Example: I banged my head, my knee, and my elbows while I was at the playground
with my little sister.
• Use an apostrophe to show the possessive form of a noun.
Example: Mary Sue’s dishes
Exception: the word its: The tree lost its leaves.
• Put the possessive apostrophe after the final s if a plural noun ends
in s already.
Example: Four of my classmates’ parents planned a big surprise party for us.
• Use an apostrophe to show where letters have been dropped in contractions.
Example do not becomes don’t; it is becomes it’s.
• Use quotation marks around dialogue and directly quoted material.
Note: Commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks.
“Oh no! I forgot my homework folder on the bus,” said Jaycee.
Jaycee said, “Oh no! I forgot my homework folder on the bus.”
“Oh no!” said Jaycee. “I forgot my homework folder on the bus.”
One movie review said, “This is simply the best children’s movie
of all time.”

Traits of Writing – Ruth Culham

Rules to Remember for Spelling

• When deciding whether to use ie or ei, follow these rules:
For words with the long-e sound, follow the rule “i before e except after c.”
Examples: piece and receive
Exceptions: either, neither, and seize
Use ei to spell other sounds, such as the long-a sound.
Examples: eight and weight
• When adding a suffix to a word that ends in y, change the y to i if a consonant
precedes the y.
Example: penny becomes penniless; apply becomes applies and applied.
Exception: words ending in ing: apply becomes applying.
• If a vowel precedes the y, keep the y and add the suffix.
Example: toy becomes toys.
• Double the final consonant in a word when adding a suffix if
(a) the word is one syllable and
(b) the final consonant is preceded by a single vowel.
Example: run becomes running
(a) the last syllable of the word is stressed and
(b) the final consonant is preceded by a single vowel.
Example: infer becomes inferred.
• Do not double the final consonant if the stress is on the first syllable and not the last.
Example: enter becomes entering.
• Drop the final, silent e before you add a suffix beginning with a vowel.
Examples: convince becomes convincing and love becomes loving.
• Keep the final, silent e in place when you add a suffix beginning with a consonant.
Example: love becomes lovely.

Traits of Writing – Ruth Culham


Math – 1/7

Write a story using the story starter provided by your classmate –

(the Sentence must be the first line).